The epithet urens is Latin for “stinging” alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. They are commonly called solitary fishtail palm, toddy palm, wine palm, jaggery palm, Choondappana in Malayalam. Its leaf is used as fishing rod after trimming the branches of the leaf and drying.
Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m (39 ft) in height and up to 30 cm (12 in) wide. The fruit contains oxalic acid, a skin and membrane irritant.